Main Article Content
This study sought to compare scientific trends in research performance of Iranian and Turkish
scholarly outputs based on 15 metrics in four categories This study is an analytical and applied study
based on scientometrics indices and based on SciVal Tool. The findings showed that Iranian
researchers' performance was better than Turkish researchers in metrics such as scholarly outputs,
citation count, citations per publication, citedness rate, Field-Weighted Citation Impact, and views
count, views per publication, Field-Weighted Views Impact, collaboration and top journal percentiles
during the period. However, Turkish researchers had better performance than Iranian academics in
collaboration and academic-corporate collaboration impact. Based on the research results,
policymakers in Iran should take steps to remove obstacles to the international cooperation. Besides,
this comparison shows that Iranian researchers should seek a greater perspective for competition.
The most important issue is that despite the increase in the quantity of research, Iran should
consider measures to increase their research quality and impact on industry and people's lives as
well. Increasing the relationship between industry and academic institutes can contribute to this
impact. In this study, while comparing all research outputs of Iran and Turkey based on 15 SciVal
indicators, a comprehensive study has been conducted on the reasons for Iran's scientific growth,
discussed in the discussion section, which can be the approach and plan of many research policy
makers in other countries.
It is a condition of publication that manuscripts submitted to the journal have not been published, accepted for publication, nor simultaneously submitted for publication elsewhere. By submitting a manuscript, the author(s) agree that copyright for the article is transferred to the publisher, if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication.
Abdollahi, M. 2011. Perspectives on science editing and publishing in Iran: Think globally, act locally. European Science Editing, Vol. 37, no. 2: 40–41.
Academic Ranking of World Universities 2019. 2020. ShanghaiRanking Consultancy. Available at: http://www.shanghairanking.com/ARWU2019.html.
Aldieri, L., Kotsemir, M. and Vinci, C.P. 2018. The impact of research collaboration on academic performance: an empirical analysis for some European countries. Socio-Economic Planning Sciences Vol. 62: 13–30. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seps.2017.05.003.
Amin, F. 2008. Success strategies of Iranian American leaders.Tehran: Hadian.
Antonelli, C. and Fassio, C. 2016. Academic knowledge and economic growth: are scientific fields all alike? Socio-Economic Review, Vol. 14, no. 3: 537–65. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1093/SER/MWV025.
Avanesova, A. A., and Tatyana A. S.. 2018. Comparative trends in research performance of the Russian universities. Scientometrics, Vol. 116, no. 3: 2019–2052. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11192-018-2807-6.
Batooli, H. and Batooli, Z. 2020. Evaluating the impact of the scientific output of researchers using plumx tools: A case study of the research institute of forests and rangelands. Scientometrics Research Journal, Vol. 7, no. 14: 23-50. Available at: https://doi.org/10.22070/rsci.2020.5442.1380.
Batooli, Z. 2017. The relationship between Web of Science and ResearchGate indicators of Iranian researchers’ top papers. Iranian Journal of Information Processing and Management, Vol. 33, no. 1: 161–84.
Batooli, Z., Janavi, E. and Nadi Ravandi, S. 2016. The impact of ResearchGate indicators on increasing citation counts of top clinical medicine articles in Web of Science: A comparative study of Iranian and Turkish researchers. Quarterly Journal of Knowledge and Information Management, Vol. 3, no. 2: 83–93.
Batooli, Z., Mohammadloo, A. and Nadi-Ravandi, S. 2021. Relationship between altmetric and bibliometric indicators in article-level: The case of Iranian researchers’ "top papers" in clinical medicine. Library Hi Tech, Vol. 39, no. 4: 1025-1042. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1108/LHT-12-2020-0319.
Batooli, Z., Nadi Ravandi, S. and Sabahi Bidgoli, M. 2016. Evaluation of scientific outputs of Kashan University of Medical Sciences in Scopus citation database based on Scopus, Researchgate, and Mendeley scientometric measures. Electronic Physician, Vol. 8, no. 2: 2048-56. Available at: https://doi.org/10.19082/2048
Bhoomaiah, D., Krishnan, P., Kantharajan, G., Rajendran, K.V., Ponniah, A.G. and Srinivasa Rao, C.H. 2020. Scientometric assessment of research publications from Fisheries Institutes under Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) during 2009-2018. Indian Journal of Fisheries, Vol. 67, no. 4: 1–12. Available at: https://doi.org/10.21077/ijf.2020.67.4.107384-01.
Boopathi, P., and Gomathi, P. 2020. Type 2 diabetes scholarly literature analysis through Scival: A scientometric study. Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal). 4391. Available at: https://digitalcommons.unl.edu/libphilprac/4391/.
Bornmann, L. 2013. How to analyze percentile citation impact data meaningfully in bibliometrics: The statistical analysis of distributions, percentile rank classes, and top-cited papers. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, Vol. 64, no. 3: 587–95. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1002/asi.22792.
Boyack, K.W., and Klavans, R. 2010. A comparison of the accuracy of models for mapping the medical sciences. Paper presented at the 11th International Conference on Science and Technology Indicators, September 2010, Leiden, the Netherlands. Available at: https://www.cwts.nl/pdf/BookofAbstracts2010_version_15072010.pdf.
Cardoso, L., Silva, R., Almeida, G.G.F.D. and Lima Santos, L. 2020. A bibliometric model to analyze country research performance: Scival topic prominence approach in tourism, leisure and hospitality. Sustainability, Vol. 12, no. 23: 1–27. Available at: https://doi.org/10.3390/su12239897.
Çavuşoǧlu, A., and Türker, I. 2013. Scientific collaboration network of Turkey. Chaos, Solitons and Fractals, Vol. 57: 9–18. Available at: https://doi.org/ 10.1016/j.chaos.2013.07.022.
Chen, S., Arsenault, C. and Larivière, V. 2015. Are top-cited papers more interdisciplinary? Journal of Informetrics, Vol. 9, no. 4: 1034–46. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joi.2015.09.003.
Colledge, L., and James, C. 2015. A ‘Basket of Metrics’—the best support for understanding journal merit. European Science Editing, Vol. 41, no. 3: 61–65. Available at: https://doi.org/10.24069/2542-0267-2016-1-4-25-31.
Craig, B.M., Cosh, S.M. and Luck, C.C. 2021. Research productivity, quality, and impact metrics of Australian psychology academics. Australian Journal of Psychology, Vol. 73, no. 2: 144-156. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1080/00049530.2021.1883407.
Ekpo, E.U., Hogg, P. and McEntee, M.F. 2016. A review of individual and institutional publication productivity in medical radiation science. Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences, Vol. 47, no. 1: 13–20. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmir.2015.11.002.
Elsevier’s Research Intelligenc. 2020. Research metrics guidebook. 2020. Elsevier. Available at: https://www.elsevier.com/__data/assets/pdf_file/0020/53327/ELSV-13013-Elsevier-Research-Metrics-Book-r12-WEB.pdf.
Erfanmanesh, M.A. 2017. The impact of international research collaboration on the quality of scholarly output of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Journal of Health Administration, Vol. 20, no. 69: 42–56.
Erfanmanesh, M.A. and Didegah, F. 2013. Comparison of Web of Science and Scopus for Iranian publications and citation impact. International Journal of Information Science and Management, Vol. 11, no. 1: 11-27.
Erfanmanesh, M.A. and Hosseini, E. 2018. The quality of international articles of the University of Isfahan during 2006-2015. Quarterly Journal of Knowledge and Information Management, Vol. 4, no. 1: 31–40.
Erfanmanesh, M.A., Moghiseh, Z. and Forouzandeh Shahraki, M. 2018. Comparing the share of scholarly output published through the collaboration between academic and corporates in Iran, Middle East, and the World. Rahyaft, 69. Available at: https://rahyaft.nrisp.ac.ir/article_13643_22c7f7d78aaf465459d89e81a7626183.pdf?lang=en.
Erfanmanesh, M.A., Tahira, M. and Abrizah, A. 2017. The publication success of 102 Nations in Scopus and the performance of their Scopus-indexed journals. Publishing Research Quarterly, Vol. 33, no. 4: 421–32. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12109-017-9540-5.
Esmaeilpour-Bandboni, M., Batooli, Z., Ramezani, A., Ranjbar-Pirmousa, Z. and Ramezani, F. 2016. An assessment of altmetrics indicators on citation rate of articles affiliated by Guilan University of Medical Sciences. Health Information Management, Vol. 13, no. 5: 367–72.
Galyani-Moghaddam, G., Jafari, H., and Sattarzadeh, A. 2017. Publications by faculty members indexed in Science Citation Index and Scopus: An Iranian Case Study. Electronic Library, Vol. 35, no. 6: 1247–58. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1108/EL-04-2016-0102.
Göksidan, H.T., Erdil, E. and Çakmur, B. 2018. Catching-up and the role of university-industry collaboration in emerging economies: Case of Turkey. In: D. Meissner, E. Erdil, and J. Chataway (Eds). Innovation and the Entrepreneurial University. Science, Technology and Innovation Studies. Cham, Switzerland: Springer: 88-113. Available at: https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-62649-9_5#citeas.
Habibzadeh, F. 2006. A bird’s eye view of science publishing and editing in Iran. European Science Editing, Vol. 32, no. 4: 98–100.
Islamic World Science Citation Center (ISC). 2020. Iran became a leader in the production of engineering science in the world. Available at: https://isc.ac/fa/news.
Janavi, E., Batooli, Z. and Nadi-Ravandi, S. 2020. Impact of ResearchGate on increasing citations and usage counts of hot papers in clinical medicine indexed in Web of Science. Webology, Vol. 17, no. 1: 130–39. Available at: http://www.webology.org/2020/v17n1/a212.pdf.
Jang, H., Ki, W.C., and Kim, H. 2019. Comparison between Korean and foreign authors concerning the citation impact of Korean journals indexed in Scopus. Science Editing, Vol. 6, no. 1: 47–57. Available at: https://doi.org/10.6087/kcse.147.
Jiajia, F. and Wei, P. 2014. A comparative study on InCites and SciVal spotlight as subject service tools. Library Journal, Vol. 33, no. 2: 37–42. Available at: http://www.libraryjournal.com.cn/EN/abstract/abstract373.shtml.
Kharabaf, Sh., and Abdollahi, M. 2012. Science growth in Iran over the past 35 years. Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, Vol. 17, no. 3: 1–5.
Khor, K.A. and Yu, L.G. 2016. Influence of international co-authorship on the research citation impact of young universities. Scientometrics, Vol. 107, no. 3: 1095–1110. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11192-016-1905-6.
Kochetkov, D.M. 2018. A correlation analysis of normalized indicators of citation. Publications, Vol. 6, no. 39. Available at: doi:10.3390/publications6030039.
Lee, S., and Bozeman, B. 2005. The impact of research collaboration on scientific productivity. Social Studies of Science, Vol. 35, no. 5: 673–702. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1177/0306312705052359.
Leydesdorff, L., Bornmann, L. and Wagner, C.S. 2019. The relative influences of government funding and international collaboration on citation impact. Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, Vol. 70, no. 2: 198–201. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1002/asi.24109.
Luo, J., Pelfrey, C. and Zhang, G.Q. 2014. Visualizing and evaluating the growth of multi-institutional collaboration based on research network analysis. AMIA Joint Summits on Translational Science Proceedings, Vol. 2014: 60–66. Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4419767/.
Madsen, H.H., Madsen, D. and Gauffriau, M. 2016. Evaluation of unique identifiers used as keys to match identical publications in Pure and SciVal – a case study from health science. F1000Research, Vol. 5: 1539. Available at: https://doi.org/ 10.12688/f1000research.8913.2.
McGillivray, B. and Astell, M. 2019. The relationship between usage and citations in an open access mega-journal. Scientometrics, Vol. 121, no. 2: 817–38. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11192-019-03228-3.
McManus, C., Baeta Neves, A.A., Maranhão, A.Q., Souza Filho, A.G. and Santana, J.M. 2020. International collaboration in Brazilian Science: Financing and impact. Scientometrics, Vol. 125, no. 3: 2745–72. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11192-020-03728-7.
Mehravar-Gilgo, Sh., Khorsandi-Taskooh, A. Ghiasi-Nadooshan, S. and Abbaspoor, A. 2021. Identifying the factors inhibiting international scientific cooperation in the country’s higher education system and providing a solution: A qualitative study. Research in Medical Education, Vol. 12, no. 3: 68-78. Available at: https://doi.org/10.52547/rme.12.3.68.
Molléri, J.S., Petersen, K. and Mendes, E. 2018. Towards understanding the relation between citations and research quality in software engineering studies. Scientometrics, Vol. 117, no. 3: 1453–78. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11192-018-2907-3.
Morán-Mariños, C., Pacheco-Mendoza, J., Metcalf, T., De la Cruz Ramirez, W. and Alva-Diaz, C. 2020. Collaborative scientific production of epilepsy in Latin America from 1989 to 2018: A bibliometric analysis. Heliyon, Vol. 6, no. 11: e05493. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e05493.
Moskaleva, O. and Akoev M. 2019. Non-English language publications in citation indexes – quantity and quality. arXiv, preprint, arXiv: 1907.06499. Available at: https://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1907/1907.06499.pdf.
Mousavizadeh, M., Noroozi Chakoli, A. and Pournaghi, R. 2020. Qualitative analysis of architectural dimensions and framework of SciVal in terms of analyzing, processing and information management of research. Iranian Journal of Information Processing and Management, Vol. 35, no. 3: 755–84.
Movassagh, M.R. 2018. Study of the status of regional power of Iran and Turkey within the framework of the vision document (2003-2015). Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 14, no. 42: 149-185. Available at: https://psq.karaj.iau.ir/article_541307.html?lang=en.
Mukherjee, B. 2020. Analysis of global research trends in coronaviruses: A bibliometric investigation. Journal of Scientometric Research, Vol. 9, no. 2: 185–94.
Naghizadeh, M. and Naghizdeh, R. 2016. Growth of scientific publications in Iran: Reasons, impacts, and trends. In: A.S. Soofi, M. Goodarzi, eds. The Development of Science and Technology in Iran: Policies and Learning Frameworks. New York: Palgrave Macmillan: 75–86. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-137-57257-8_5.
Nazarzadeh Zare, M., Jamali, E., Arein, M.A., Skrouchi, R. and Nasiri Firuz, A.R. 2014. Comparison of scientific productions of Iran with competitor countries in the Middle East in the field of education. Caspian Journal of Scientometrics, Vol. 1, no. 2: 22–31. Available at: https://doi.org/10.22088/acadpub.BUMS.1.2.22.
Neilson, B. 2010. SciVal tool will allow UT to identify research strengths. Quest. Available at: https://trace.tennessee.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1035&context=utk_researchnews.
Nguyen, T.V. and Pham, L.T. 2011. Scientific output and its relationship to knowledge economy: An analysis of Asean countries. Scientometrics, Vol. 89, no. 1: 107-117.
Nguyen, T.V, Ho-Le, T.P. and Le, U.V. 2017. International collaboration in scientific research in Vietnam: An analysis of patterns and impact. Scientometrics, Vol. 110, no. 2: 1035–51.
Nourmohammadi, H. 2020. Comparative evaluation of Iranian and world’s top universities in collaboration with industry. Caspian Journal of Scientometrics, Vol. 6, no. 2:: 36–44. Available at: https://doi.org/10.22088/cjs.6.2.36.
OECD. 1996. The knowledge based economy. OECD/GD 102 (7). Available at: https://www.oecd.org/officialdocuments/publicdisplaydocumentpdf/?cote=OCDE/GD(96)102&docLanguage=En.
Osareh, F., Soheili, F. and Keshvari, M. 2020. Comparison of the experts’ perspectives to SciVal Database’s FWCI index in identification of top authors (Case study: Top Iranian authors in fundamental sciences area from 2013 to 2018). Scientometrics Research Journal, Vol. 6, no. 1: 77-98.
Pagell, R.A. 2016. Ruth’s Rankings 14: SciVal – Elsevier’s research Intelligence – Mastering your metrics. Available at: https://librarylearningspace.com/ruths-rankings-14-scival-elseviers-research-intelligence-mastering-metrics/.
Pečlin, S., Južnič, P., Blagus, R., Sajko, M.Č. and Stare, J. 2012. Effects of international collaboration and status of journal on impact of papers. Scientometrics, Vol. 93, no. 3: 937–48. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11192-012-0768-8.
Pundir, S., Garg, P., Dviwedi, A., Aaliya Ali, V. K. Kapoor, Deepak Kapoor, Saurabh Kulshrestha, Uma Ranjan Lal, and Poonam Negi. 2021. Ethnomedicinal uses, phytochemistry and dermatological effects of Hippophae Rhamnoides L.: A review. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Vol. 266. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2020.113434.
Sengölge, G. and Ar, M.C. 2016. Current status of medical science in Turkey: Why this special issue? Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift, Vol. 128, no. 8: 557-558. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00508-016-1130-6.
Smith, C., and Sotala, K. 2011. Knowledge, networks and nations global scientific collaboration in the 21st Century. London: The Royal Society.
Torres-Salinas, D. 2009. Evaluación Bibliométrica de Universidades Con Scival de Elsevier. Profesional de La Informacion, Vol. 18, no. 6: 669–76. Available at: https://doi.org/10.3145/epi.2009.nov.11.
Ubfal, D. and Maffioli, A. 2011. The impact of funding on research collaboration: Evidence from a developing country. Research Policy, Vo. 40, no. 9, 1269–1279.
Vardell, E., Feddern-Bekcan, T. and Moore, M. 2011. SciVal experts: A collaborative tool. Medical Reference Services Quarterly, Vol. 30, no. 3: 283–94.
Vazquez, J.P.G., Torres, R.S., Perez, D.B.P., Demarigny, Y., Soldat, V., Gemelas, L., Panagiotakos, D.B. and Bersimis, F.G. 2021. Scientometric analysis of the application of artificial intelligence in agriculture. Journal of Scientometric Research, Vol. 10, no. 1: 55–62. Available at: https://doi.org/10.5530/JSCIRES.10.1.7.
Wijetunge, P., Silva, A. and Manatunga, P.K.S. 2020. Research productivity of the State Universities of Sri Lanka, a case based on SciVal and the contribution of the libraries towards excellence. Journal of the University Librarians Association of Sri Lanka, Vol. 23, no. 1: 91-118. Available at: https://doi.org/10.4038/jula.v23i1.7968.
Wuchty, S., Jones, B.F. and Uzzi, B. 2007. The increasing dominance of teams in production of knowledge. Science, Vol. 316, no. 5827: 1036–39.
Yang, S., Dong, X., Sun, L., Zhou, Y., Farneth, R.A., Xiong, H., Burd, R.S. and Marsic, I., 2017. A data-driven process recommender framework. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 23rd ACM SIGKDD International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining, August 2017, at Halifax NS Canada: 2111-2120. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1145/3097983.
Zanotto, E.D. and Carvalho, V. 2021. Article age- and field-normalized tools to evaluate scientific impact and momentum. Scientometrics, Vol. 126, no. 4: 2865–83. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11192-021-03877-3.