Evolving strategies of the predatory journals

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Petrisor Alexandru-Ionut
Alexandru-Ionuţ Petrişor


Along with the increasing use of the Internet, scholarly publishing was affected by the rise of ‘predatory journals’. Many authors attribute the success of these journals to the open access provided to potential readers. While many authors have attempted to propose criteria for identifying predatory journals, very little research was directed to explaining their success, and underlying strategies. This study uses a biological sciences perspective, based on the five stages of predation, and examines the strategies accordingly. The results indicate that predatory journals use the same strategies as all Internet-based scams in identifying their prey. The largest number of strategies addresses approaching the authors. The recent trends include personalized call for papers, use of fake metrics, hijacking reputed journals, faking location and editorial structure, addressing a broad range of topics and providing fast services (at the expense of quality). In addition to these strategies, publishing fees are often hidden. In summary, the pressure to publish and metrics-based career advancement procedures are the main attractors driving authors to predatory journals, despite the efforts of scientists and Internet-based means of identifying these journals and publicizing their dishonest practices.


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Alexandru-Ionut, P., & PetriÅŸor, A.-I. (2016). Evolving strategies of the predatory journals. Malaysian Journal of Library and Information Science, 21(1), 1–17. https://doi.org/10.22452/mjlis.vol21no1.1